The Foundation researches and educates on women’s issues to acknowledge barriers and identify opportunities.


Commissioned by the WNY Women’s Foundation and created by UB Regional Institute, the 2010 Pathways to Progress Report examined the issues facing women and girls in our community. The report started an ongoing region-wide dialogue about the best ways to support and elevate women and girls.

Pathways to Progress, Vol. 2, a report created by the WNY Women’s Foundation, keeps us moving forward. The new report expands the dialogue with updated data that explore the current status of women and girls in WNY. By diving into the barriers women face throughout their lifespans, the report highlights opportunities and success stories. This educational tool is available to the community thanks to the generous support of the James H. Cummings Foundation, Community Foundation for Greater Buffalo, Health Foundation of Western & Central NY, John R. Oishei Foundation, Joy Family Foundation, Patrick P. Lee Foundation, SEFCU, and WNY Foundation.

Download Pathways to Progress, Vol. 2. Read it, digest, and find the connections that you can make to the women and girls in your family, community, and work. The full reference list for the report is available for download and many of the reports cited are included in this data hub. 

In our effort to educate the community and raise awareness, the Foundation has curated research and organized it by topic area. The research below can be filtered by topic with citations and links to original researchers. Alternately, it can be sorted by date of publication. Contact us if your organization has a report to include.

Topic: Childcare Affordability

WNYWF Fact Sheet – Child Care

Published Sep. 2019

Child Care and Early Education Equity: A State Action Agenda

Child Care and Early Education Equity: A State Action Agenda outlines the important role state policymakers can play to ensure equity in their states’ early education efforts.

Published May. 2019 CLASP

Child Care and Housing: Big Expenses With Too Little Help Available

Stable, affordable housing and high-quality, affordable child care are essential to families’ economic stability, parents’ ability to work, and children’s healthy development. But due to inadequate funding, just 1 in 6 children eligible for child care assistance — and 1 in 5 families with children eligible for housing assistance — receives it.

Published Apr. 2019 Center on Budget and Policy Priorities

Inequitable Access to Child Care Subsidies

Child care is an essential support for families, allowing parents to work while their children learn and grow in a safe environment. Many families with low incomes qualify for child care assistance through the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG), but few get the support they need due to a lack of investment in the program.

Published Apr. 2019 CLASP

The Child Care Crisis is Keeping Women out of the Work Force

Challenges of staying at work while raising a child- families forced to make the decision to leave work to become full-time caregiver or to stay at work and struggle to pay childcare's high-costs.

Published Mar. 2019 American Progress

The State of New York’s Children

Overview of NYS General Children Statistics in 2019

Published Jan. 2019 Schuyler Center for Analysis and Advocacy

Childcare Affordability for Working Parents

Childcare is inaffordable for the majority of working parents. Especially for low-income and black and Hispanic working parents.

Published Nov. 2018 Diversity Data Kids

Understanding the True Cost of Child Care for Infants and Toddlers

Using data from the Center for American Progress’ “Where Does Your Child Care Dollar Go?” tool and new analysis that estimates the cost of home-based family child care, this report looks at this “giant math equation” specifically as it relates to infant and toddler care.

Published Nov. 2018 Center for American Progress

Overdue for Investment

State Child Care Assistance Policies in 2018

Published Oct. 2018 NWLC

Understanding Infant and Toddler Child Care Deserts

Building on previous child care deserts analysis conducted by the Center for American Progress, this study quantifies the extent of this problem by analyzing the availability of licensed child care for infants and toddlers in nine states and the District of Columbia.

Published Oct. 2018 Center for American Progress

Quebec’s Childcare Program at 20

Quebec’s childcare program and noting what other provinces seeking to develop comparable programs might learn from it.

Published Jan. 2018 Inroads Journal

Undervalued a Brief History of Women’s Care Work and Child Care Policy in the United States

In Part I, this report provides a brief overview of the state of child care in the United States. Part II traces how—through the persistent denigration of the care work performed by women, especially women of color, and resulting public policy decisions—we arrived at this point. and Part III identifies the policy solutions that are needed to move toward a system that works for both families and child care providers.

Published Dec. 2017 National Women's Law Center

Persistent Gaps: State Child Care Assistance Policies 2017

Need for overcoming barriers to child care assistance, using income eligibility, waiting lists, and copayment levels to advocate for policy

Published Oct. 2017 National Women's Law Center

Small Businesses Face Barriers to Affordable Child Care, Support Expanded Access

Small business owners know how important it is to retain a productive and talented workforce. Lack of access to affordable child care, however, is hurting small businesses and their workforce by increasing absenteeism and decreasing productivity

Published Sep. 2017 Small Business Majority

Supporting New York State’s Economic Development Efforts by Expanding Access to Quality Child Care

While many other states—and New York—have directed limited economic development dollars toward child care, there is an opportunity here for New York to become the first in the nation to make investing in quality child care a key economic development strategy.

Published Sep. 2017 SCAA Schuyler Center for analysis and advocacy

A Blueprint for Child Care Reform

Making more affordable, accommodating, and accessible child care

Published Sep. 2017 Center for American Progress

Coupling Child Care With Pathways To Nontraditional, Higher Paying Work

Workforce Training for Low-Income Mothers

Published Jun. 2017 Mississippi Low Income Child Care Initiative

Senate Committee on Children & Families Assembly Standing Committee on Children & Families Assembly Legislative Taskforce on Women’s Issues

Hearing to examine barriers to accessing quality child day care and how such lack of access relates to a variety of issues including child development, family stability and the economy.

Published May. 2017 Empire Justice Center

Why the federal government should subsidize childcare and how to pay for it

The present paper provides one solution in the form of childcare and education savings accounts paid for with redirection of current federal spending on early education and care, and through an offset from the federal deduction for charitable contributions.

Published Mar. 2017 Brookings

What does good child care reform look like?

Gaps in current child care policy and assessing quality and affordability of potential policy initiatives

Published Mar. 2017 Economic Policy Institute


The National Women’s Law Center recommends the following investments in CCDBG and improvements to the CDCTC as an important first step toward providing all families with the assistance they need to afford high-quality child care.

Published Feb. 2017 National Women's Law Center

Child Care Brief


Published Jan. 2017 US Department of Health & Human Services

Rhetoric vs. Reality: Child Care

Improving access to high-quality child care is at the forefront of the national policy debate. Legislators, policymakers, and voters are recognizing that the economy depends on working families and that working families depend on high-quality, affordable child care. Republicans and Democrats in Congress have introduced child care legislation, and for the first time ever, both major party presidential candidates have introduced child care proposals.

Published Oct. 2016 Center for American Progress

Strategies to Meet the Child Care Needs of Low-Income Parents Seeking Education and Training

Nationwide, there are low-income parents who need additional education or training to better support their families. However, they can face daunting challenges to achieving this goal. In addition to challenges common among low-wage workers—low education levels, financial pressures, and limited opportunities—low-income parents struggle with child care needs that limit their ability to participate in and complete education and training.

Published Sep. 2016 Urban Institute

Working Mothers Issue Brief

Labor force participation by family type, race, and poverty

Published Jun. 2016 US Department of Labor Women's Bureau